搞定英语时态,这同样摆放图就是够用了!英语时态。

诚如现在经常。(is /am /are , does /do )

表格

一般时 进行时 完成时 完成进行时
** 现在 ** study
studies
am studying
is studying
are studying
have studied
has studied
have been studying
has been studying
** 过去 ** studied was studying
were studying
had udied had been studying
** 将来 ** shall study
will study
shall be studying
will be studying
shall have studied
will have studied
shall have been studying
will have been studying
** 过去将来 ** should study
would study
should be studying
would be studying
should have studied
would have studied
should have been studying
would have been studying

时态(Tense)是意味作为、动作以及状态在各种时间标准下之动词形式。因此,当我们说时态结构的时候,指的是相应时态下的动词形式。

英语时态分为16栽:一般现在、一般过去、一般将来、过去前隔三差五,以及这四者的开展经常、完成时以及成功进展经常。

一.一般现在时 

用法:

  1. 意味着现在产生的动作、情况、状态和特点。
  2. 习惯用语。
  3. 经常性、习惯性动作。
  4. 客观事实和普遍真理。尤其要顾,如果前后和不是相似现在时时,则无从保全
    主句、从句时态一致。
  5. 表示一个随规定、计划或配备要发的动作,(仅限于一些表示“来、去、动
    、停、开始、结束、继续”等的动词 )可以跟代表未来时刻的状语搭配使用
    。常见的用法是:飞机、火车、轮船、汽车等时限定点运行的畅通法。

例:

  • The next train leaves at 3 o’clock this afternoon.
    (下一致回火车今天下午3触及发车。)
  • How often does this shuttle bus run?
    (这班车多久一趟?)
  1. 当岁月跟规范状语从句里时不时用一般现在(有时也因而现时好时)表示前事情

_
时状语:
  always, usually, often, sometimes, every week (day, year, month…),
once a week, on Sundays, etc.
  基本结构:①be动词;②行动词
  否定形式:①am/is/are+not;②夫时态的谓语动词若为表现动词,则当其前加don’t,如主语为第三人称单数,则因此doesn’t,同时还原行为动词。
  一般问题句:①将be动词放吃句首;②为此助动词do提问,如主语为第三人称单数,则就此does,同时,还原所作所为动词。
_

二. 一般过去时

用法:

  1. 意味着过去有时间发出的动作要状态。
  2. 表示过去习惯性动作。特别是由would/ used to
    do表达的句型,本身代表的 就是过去时常。
    He used to visit his mother once a
    week.(他以前老是每周看望一不成他的生母。)

_
岁月状语:
  ago, yesterday, the day before yesterday, last week(year, night,
month…), in 1989, just now, at the age of 5, one day, long long ago,
once upon a time, etc.
  基本构造:①be动词;②行动词
  否定形式:①was/were+not;②于作为动词前加didn’t,同时还原行为动词。
  一般问题句:①was或were放于句首;②就此助动词do的病逝式did提问,同时还原行为动词。
_

三. 现在进行时(be doing)

概念:表示即或讲时常在开展的动作和行为。

_ 时间状语:now, at this time, these days, etc.
  基本结构:am/is/are+doing

否认形式:am/is/are+not+doing.

貌似问题句:把be动词放给句首。

季、过去进行经常:

用法:

A) 表示在过去一个于现实的辰在发的动作。

规章:Mary was listening to light music 10 minutes
ago.(10分钟前,玛丽在听轻音乐。)

B) 如果when,
while这样的年华状语引导词所带之预告从句之一是相似过去常,则其它一个句常因此过去开展时。

条例:I was washing my hair when you knocked at the front
door.(你敲前门时自己正在洗头发。)

时刻状语:at this time yesterday, at that
time或为when引导之谓语动词是形似过去经常之光阴状语等。

核心结构:was/were+doing

否定形式:was/were + not + doing.

相似问题句:把was或were放于句首。

五、现在完结时(have done)

用法:

A) 表示动作到今天了却都形成或者碰巧落成。

B)
表示从过去有时刻开始,持续至本底动作要气象,并且发生或会见连续延续下去。此时常用延续性动词。时间状语常用since加一个仙逝的时间点,或for加一段时间,或by加一个现岁月。

注意事项

如今完成时凡关联过去同当今之枢纽。现在落成时跟过去时常之别在于:现在就时强调动作之动态,或吃动态的熏陶,是动态的结果,对今天发震慑;过去常只是象征过去的某部具体日子里产生的动作,与现在没有沟通。

时光状语:recently, lately, since…for…,in the past few years, etc.

主导构造:have/has + done

否定形式:have/has + not +d one.

相似问题句:have或has。

六. 过去完成时(had done)

概念:以过去某时间吗正规,在这个先发的动作要行为,或于过去某动作之前到位的一言一行,即“过去底病逝”。

时光状语:before, by the end of last year(term, month…),etc.

核心组织:had + done.

否定形式:had + not + done.

相似问题句:had放吃句首

七、一般将来时时:

概念:表示即将发生的动作要有的状态及打算、计划或者准备举行某事。

日子状语:tomorrow, next day(week, month, year…),soon, in a few minutes,
by…,the day after tomorrow, etc.

骨干组织:①am/is/are/going to + do;②will/shall + do.

③、be to do ④ be about to ⑤、一般现在时表将来 ⑥、现在进行时表将来。

否定形式:①was/were + not; ②在作为动词前加didn’t,同时还原行为动词。

貌似问题句:①be放深受句首;②will/shall提到句首。

各自用法:

A) 基本组织是will / shall do。

例:We shall send her a glass hand-made craft as her birthday gift.

B) 有些动词,如:arrive, be close, come, do, done, go, have, leave,
open, play, return, sleep, start,
stay等,用于现在开展时,并且普通和一个代表前时之年月状语连用,可以象征前不时。

规章:My mother is coming to visit me next week and is staying here until
May.(我妈妈下周前羁押我,并会见呆到5月。)

C) 表示“打算去……,要……”时,可用be going to do。

条例:This is just what I am going to say.(这正是我思说的。)

D) 表示“即将、正使”时,可用be about to do。强调近期内或者立即要召开的转业。

例:Don’t worry, I am about to make a close examination on you.

E) “be to do” 表示“按计划、安排即将产生某事或打算做某事”。

F) 同样可表示“正而、将要”的意的句型是be on the point of doing。

规章:The coach is on the point of giving up the game because our team has
been scored 7 points.   例:2005年6月大学四级第65题

I was _______ the point of telephoning him when his letter
arrived.

A) in   B) to   C) at   D) on

答案是D)。on the point of doing
是一贯词组,意思是“正使、打算”。全句的意思是:“当他的信到的时刻自己正好使打电话让他。”

注意事项:

当盖if, when, as long as, as soon as, after, before, in case, until,
unless等连词以及拥有连词作用的副词(immediately, the moment,
directly)等引导的状语从句,一般用今天时代替将来经常。强调可持续性或动态时,可用完成时。

规章:I hope his health will have improved by the time you come back next
year.(我要到过年公回到的时段,他的人已好多矣。)

八、过去前时常:

概念:立足于过去之一同时时,从过去羁押将来,常用来宾语从句被。

时状语:the next day(morning, year…),the following month(week…),etc.

基本结构:①was/were/going to + do;②would/should + do.

否定形式:①was/were/not + going to + do;②would/should + not + do.

貌似问题句:①was或were放于句首;②would/should提到句首。

例 I said on Thursday I should see my friend the next
day.(我星期四说自家用受次天拜访我之情侣。)

九 现在落成进展经常(have been doing)

因此法:表示有平动作开始给过去某一时间,延续或再地起到今日,或用持续持续及前。

条例:We have been working on this project for over a month
now.(到目前为止,我们直接以处理好型,已经花费了一个差不多月份时了。)

注意事项:与当今形成时对待,现在做到进展经常再次强调:在自过去至现行底时里,动作要状态一直不停或直接反复出现。

十、 将来完成时(will have done)

因此法:表示从今明天的某一时间开始、延续至另外一个前日子之动作要状态,或是发生在某将来时光,但针对之后的外一个前日有震慑的动作要状态。就好象把本做到时走到时间轴的前时时上一样。其所以法从和过去跟现关于,变成了与前以及前底前关于。

例 The conference __________ a full week by the time it ends.

A) must have lasted   B) will have lasted C) would last     D) has
lasted

以下六种时态考察比较少

十一. 前拓展时(will be doing)

于是法:强调以未来的某个具体时间在产生的动作要业务。

条例:Don’t worry, you won’t miss her. She will be wearing a red T-shirt
and a white skirt at that
time.(别担心,你免见面认不发她底。她交经常会通过同宗红色的T恤衫和同漫长白色之短裙。)

注意事项:由于本时态是出于前不时同进展时融合在一起的,所以关于本时态的注意事项,可参照”一般将来隔三差五”和”现在进行经常”的有关注意事项。

十二、将来落成进展经常:shall have been doing ,will have been doing

章:By the end of next month, the project will have been being worked
for 3 years.
(到下单月底为止,这项工程虽都不停止地进行了3年了。)(被动语态)

十三、过去完结进展时:had been doing

规章:The old clock had been being taken apart of and fixed up again for
several times by my 10-year old son before I came back
home.(我回来家之前,我10寒暑雅之男已把这个旧钟表拆卸并再次组建了一些回了。)(此处强调“拆卸”和“组装”这有限个三长两短底病逝的动作一直在屡次开展。)(被动语态)

十四、过去前开展时:should be doing , would be doing

规章:The government promised that a new highway would be being built next
July.(政府承诺说第二年7月以生出一致长达新的高速公路正于修建。)(此句之时光状语是实际的未来日,所以极好用前展开时。)(此句也被动语态)

十五、 过去前完结时:should have done , would have done

章:I believed by the end of that year an advanced version of that
software would have been developed, but I was
wrong.(我确信到那年岁末收,那个软件之初本子用给支付出。但是本人错了。)(此句也被动语态)

十六、 过去前落成进展时:should have been doing , would have been
doing

条例:They said that by the end of the following month, the project would
have been being worked for 3 years.
(他们说交第二只月底为止,这项工程就曾经不鸣金收兵地拓展了3年了。)

代表现在之情事,状态或特色。

外充分欢快=he is very happy

1.意味着经常性习惯性动作。

外不时去逛街=he often goes shopping

2.客观事实和普遍真理。

日光从东升起= the sun rises from east

3.意味仍规定计划还是安排而发的动作。

时常用当飞行器,轮船,轮船,火车,汽车等通行方式上。

产一致遍飞机在今天下午3接触起飞=the next flight takes off at 3pm

4.在时光尺度后,让步状语从句中用一般现在常常来代表前底事体。

自我平到小就吃你打电话=i will call you when i gets home

今昔开展时。(am/is /are doing )

1.意味着现在正值发的事体。

他今天正看电视=he is watching tv now

2.代表目前一段时间一直当开的业务,但不肯定意味着现在就在举行。

自家这月以来一直当上学弹奏钢琴= i am learning to play piano this month

今昔完成时。(has/have done )

1.象征动作到现行了,刚刚形成或者已完成,强调对当今有的熏陶。

本身买了一个初车,但是还没出售掉旧的切削,所以我本起星星点点独车= I have bought
a new car , but haven’t sold the old one , so i have two cars now

2.意味着从今过去之一一个碰开始,持续至如今之动作要情况,并且十分有或会见持续持续下去。

英语一直是自之兴趣爱好=English has been my passion

今昔得进展时。(has/ have been doing )

表示有一样动作从过去起不住或者再次的面世到现还是以延续持续至未来。

及现行终止,我们直接在拍卖非常型,已经花了一个大多月= we have been
working on this project for a month

诚如过去经常。( did , was /were)

1.表示过去有时间有的动作要气象。

自己昨天手机为盗伐了=my phone was stolen yesterday

2.表示过去习惯性的动作。

当自家要一个小女孩的时候,我常打书看=when i was a little girl , i
always bought books to read

3.仙逝时常做某事。

自身过去常常去钓鱼=i used to go fishing

千古得时。( had done )

意味着以过去的有时刻要动作已发生的动作,已经在的状态,指过去的病逝。

及特别时候截止,他老伴既有六独月无得到他的音信了= until then , his
family hadn’t heard from him for 6 months

过去前常常。( would do )

表示于过去之某部时刻看将来要发出的从事。

自星期一说,我会在星期二底上去游= I said on Monday that i would go
swimming on tuesday

千古展开时。( was / were doing )

1.意味过去具体的时刻在产生的动作。

一半个钟头前,我正洗澡= i was taking a shower about half an hour ago

2.表示有时间段直接以来的事情。

去年夏季,我于打工= i was doing a part time job last summer

一般将来隔三差五。( will do)

1.象征主语,主观愿望的未来。

我会送给他平本书,作为他的圣诞节礼物=i will give him a book for
christmas gift

2.象征客观将来

鱼离开水了见面死= fish will die if it leaves water

3.现决定。

我会去押他= i will go and visit him

4.象征近期外要这要举行的工作。

毫无操心,我马上让您做一样蹩脚精心的检讨= dont worry , i will do a full
check on you immediately

前拓展经常。(will have done )

代表于前底某某时间正在发生的业务。

君不会见认不有他的,他会见穿过同码红色的T恤=

未来做到时。(will have been doing )

意味着以未来底某个一个时光开始,连续到外一个前光阴的动作要状态。

集会由上马至为止,将连整整一个星期。

明朝做到进展时。(had been doing )

意味着动作从某一时间开始,一直继承至将来某一时间。

过去就进展经常,表示有平动作一直频频到千古某一时间。( would be doing )

千古前展开经常表示虽过去某一时间而言,将来某一时间或时间段在进展的动作。

千古前成功时。(would have done , should have done )

意味着虽过去有一段时间而言,将来某一时间。所形成的动作常用在虚拟语气中,表示与过去事实相反。

千古前完结进展时。(would have been doing , should have been doing)

代表虽过去某一时间而言,将来有平等时刻之前一直以进展的动作。

admin

网站地图xml地图